10 photography tips for beginners

The first time practicing photography can be daunting to many a photographer. Here are 10 tips that can help you along the way;

1. Wait for the right light before shooting:

In photography, you have to think about the quality of light, the direction it is coming from and how much light there is. It will take some time to know which lighting is the best in different situations. You can experiment with backlighting to really grasp the importance of light. Also avoid your shadow creeping into the picture.

2. Focus on the subject:

Focusing on a particular object in your picture makes it appear crisp as it highlights the edges and color tones. It is easy to focus using a smart phone but for a camera, it is more complicated. If your camera has a physical shutter button, press it halfway and wait for the camera to focus. A green box will be displayed when in focus.

3. Experiment with perspective:

Get on high ground, lay down on the floor, Look for different angles to take photographs and you’ll see the amazing results of changing your point of view/perspective. In photography, you can always experiment new stuff, new angles, new everything.

4. Beware of exposure:

The world has striking contrast in terms of light and dark. A camera cannot quickly adjust such sharp differences in brightness. This is the main cause of dimly lit photographs. Use the +/- button to regulate “exposure compensation”.

5. Adjust your camera’s aperture accordingly:

Exposure is primarily caused by the aperture of your camera. This is the hole behind the lens. It allows light to get into the camera. It however, allows more light to get in when the aperture is reduced i.e. less light is allowed in when the aperture is expanded i.e. the hole becomes smaller.

6. Mind your shutter speed:

Your camera shutter will decide how much light the photograph uses after being allowed through the aperture. A shutter speed of 1/250 of a second will be convenient to prevent motion blur. Higher shutter speeds of up to 1/4000 seconds is applicable for sports photography

7. Depth of field:

Shooting in low light conditions requires one to widen the aperture to allow more light into the lens. This invariably causes a shallow depth of field. A shallow depth of field is not suitable for landscape photography and can only be used when the subject is close to the camera.

8. Observe the rule of thirds:

The rule of thirds is crucial in composition. It involves dividing the camera’s frame into boxes and then planting the key objects onto those lines.

9. Keep your balance:

Balance affects how one feels when he/she looks at a photo. A balanced photo can make you feel relaxed while an unbalanced photo has the opposite effect on the viewer.

10. Know which shooting mode you are using:

There are a variety of shooting modes available such as full-auto, aperture priority, shutter speed priority and so forth. Research on the uses of each mode i.e. to which conditions can it be applied.


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